Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding

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Understanding dynamics of gluten harvest in augmenting bread quality in high yielding Indian wheats

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Ten years data of bread wheat entries evaluated under
different environments in India was utilized to understand
the factors influencing wet gluten content in high-yield
genotypes. Study based on 503 entries revealed that besides
genetic factors; agro-climatic variations, production
conditions, protein-gluten ratio, water soaking capacity of
gluten and HMWGS at Glu D1 also influenced harvest of
wet gluten. Regional specificity was noticed in proteingluten
ratio, which was low in cooler climate and high under
hot and dry conditions. Protein-gluten ratio and water
retention emerged as characteristic features of a zone and
were hardly influenced by varying crop duration of
genotypes tested within the zone. While collating gluten
characteristics with bread making quality, it was observed
that high wet gluten, derived from better gluten proteingluten
ratio and water soaking capacity, made a crucial
difference.

Keywords: Gluten content, HMWGS, Indian wheats, protein content, protein-gluten ratio, wetdry gluten ratio

Info

Year: 2015
Volume: 75
Issue: 3
Article DOI: 10.5958/0975-6906.2015.00050.4
Print ISSN: 0019-5200
Online ISSN: 0975-6906

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