THE essential-oil obtained by steam-distillation of roots of khus (Vetiveria zizanioides
(Linn.) Nash; Graminae) is an important constituent of high-class perfumes, toilet
requisites, etc. The roots themselves find considerable use in the manufacture of
chicks, thatties, fans, etc., which on wetting impart a fragrant coolness to the air and are
much in demand during the hot weather. In India, vetiver oil is produced in two
distinct, spatially separated pockets. The industry in the North is based on wild stands
of the grass growing in a broad tract of land lying athwart the Indo-Gangetic plain,
the major centres of exploitation being in the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
In the South, on the other hand, the industry derives its raw material from vetiver
plantations, located especially on the west coast (Kerala State).
Article DOI: NA
Print ISSN: 0019-5200
Online ISSN: 0975-6906
S. RAMANUJAM and SUSHIL KUMAR info_circle