Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding

Global governance and national mechanisms in India for regulating access to genetic resources and benefit sharing

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Global governance is a concept that advocates sustainable
development as the primary consideration for managing
biological resources, and operates through international
agreements/multilateral treaties/global conventions with
their own provisions and obligations.The 1992 Convention
on Biological Diversity was the first major step taken by
humankind for promoting the conservation of
bioresources, their sustainable use and sharing (in a fair
and equitable manner) of the benefits arising from their
commercial utilization. The 2010 Nagoya Protocol on
Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) provides regulatory
framework for users’ authorized access to genetic
resources and providers’ sharing of the benefits with the
owners of those resources. National obligations on ABS
under the global governance system are met by enacting
national laws and rules for regulation of ABS and their
implementation, in turn, involves various agencies,
institutions and organisations working at different levels.
This paper aims at creating awareness on the complex
interplay of ABS governance at the international and
national levels.

Keywords: Plant genetic resources, access and benefit sharing, ABS mechanisms, ABS governance, global governance of ABS regimes, regulatory system for ABS in India


Year: 2014
Volume: 74
Issue: Supplementry Issue
Article DOI: 10.5958/0975-6906.2014.00906.7
Print ISSN: 0019-5200
Online ISSN: 0975-6906



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