Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding


Published on

GREEN gram, commonly known as mung (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) is an important
leguminous crop of India. Evidences indicate that it originated in India, was brought
into cultivation here and later spread to other countries. It is mostly grown for its
protein rich seeds and also as a fodder. Some of the short duration varieties are
favourite catch crops preceding or following the main crop. Bose (1932) classified
Indian green gram into forty varieties, based on characters like seed colour, colour
of ripe and unripe pods, foliage, maturity and habit. Bose and Joglekar (1933)
studied the root system of these types and grouped them as mesophytes and xerophytes,
the former having more side ┬╗hoots near the surface and the latter having much longer
tap root. Narasimham (1929) found that green gram is a self-pollinated crop, the
pollination occurring at night in buds due to open the next morning.


Year: 1959
Volume: 59
Issue: 2
Article DOI: NA
Print ISSN: 0019-5200
Online ISSN: 0975-6906



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