BROWN rust of wheat (Puccinia recondita Rob. Ex. Desm) , like black rust (Puccinia
graminis tritici Erikss. and Henn.) is widely prevalent in India. It is particularly
severe in the eastern plains of India, the submontane areas of the North Indian hills
and the hills of South India. Its importance in Central and Peninsular India was not
fully appreciated in the past but recently it is being realised that this rust is as widely
prevalent as the black rust in this region also. In the plains of North India too, it is
becoIlllng increasingly severe in the last few years. Perhaps, it is only in the higher
elevations in North India, where yellow rust Puccznla glumarum (Schmidt) Eriss. and
Henn.) dominates, that this rust is less damaging to the wheat crop. It may safely be
said that brown rust is a disease to be reckoned with in the major wheat area of IndIa.
Pal (1936) reported that if thIS rust appears early in. the life of the wheat plant, the
damage is very severe.
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M. V. RAO, S. G. AHIRE, P. L. N. SOMAYAJULU and BASANT KUMAR info_circle