Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding

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Development and characterization of polymorphic chloroplast microsatellite markers in sweet flag (Acorus calamus L.)

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The history of medicinal plants and their uses in India is
as old as human civilization. These are viewed as a
possible bridge between sustainable economic
development, affordable health care and conservation
of vital biodiversity. WHO (2002) estimates that about
80% of the world’s population depends on herbal
medicines for their primary healthcare [1, 2]. Out of
these, one of the highly valued herbal and medicinal
plant species, which commonly exists in India, is Acorus
calamus L. This species is known as Vasa Bach (Hindi)
and Sweet flag (English) and considered endangered
in Kerala and vulnerable in Tamil Nadu [3]. It is a highly
valued herbal and economically important plant species
in India and other European countries from very early
times as a stimulant, brain tonic, aphrodisiac, laxative,
emetic, expectorant, emmenagogue and diuretic. It is
therefore used as an ingredient in the several drugs of
the Unani, Ayurveda and Local Health Care Systems
[4].
 

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Year: 2009
Volume: 69
Issue: 3
Article DOI: N/A
Print ISSN: 0019-5200
Online ISSN: 0975-6906

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