Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding

Buckwheat: A critical approach towards assessment of its potential as a super crop

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Buckwheat has attracted considerable interest amongst
the global scientific community due to its nutritional and
pharmaceutical properties. It is a low input crop whose
cultivation has persisted through centuries of civilization
in almost every country where cereals were cultivated. The
crop is an important source of rutin, an important flavonoid
which is known to have cardioprotective, vasoprotective,
antihypertensive, anti-inflammation, cytoprotective and
anti-diabetic properties. Grains of buckwheat are a rich
source of protein with a balanced amino acid composition,
gluten free flour, dietary fibre, vitamins, resistant starch,
phytosterols, fagopyrins, fagopyritols and phenolic
compounds. Buckwheat is a short season crop which
completes its life cycle in 70-90 days and can grow in wide
range of environmental conditions including marginal lands
and rocky, poorly tilled soils. The protein content in
buckwheat flour is higher than in commonly used cereals
such as rice, wheat, millet, sorghum and maize. Buckwheat
grain protein is rich in lysine and arginine, which are
generally limiting in other cereals. Because of a low Lys/
Arg and Met/Gly ratio, buckwheat protein has strong
hypolipidemic activity. While Buckwheat is considered as
a healthy food because of its nutraceutical properties, low
yields due to seed shattering because of pedicel breaking
and heterozygosity due to self-incompatibility as a
consequence of dimorphic heterostylism have always
remained major problems in achieving large scale
incorporation of common buckwheat (
Fagopyrum
esculentum
) in the agricultural portfolio. The present review
highlights the multicore potential of buckwheat as a super
crop to meet the challenges of food and nutritional security

Keywords: Food security, Buckwheat, nutraceutical, rutin, functional food, domestication, genomics approach driven breeding

Info

Year: 2021
Volume: 81
Issue: 1
Article DOI: 10.31742/IJGPB.81.1.1
Print ISSN: 0019-5200
Online ISSN: 0975-6906

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