Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding

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INDUCED ALLOTETRAPLOIDY IN SESAME

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Allotetraploidy was induced by means of colchicine treatment in Sesamum indicum
L. x S. mulayanum Nair, hybrids. The allotetraploid resembled diploid hybrid having
pansy violet colouration of corolla (intermediate between two parents), blackish seed
coat with reticulation and resistance to insect, Antigastra catalaunalis (like wild
parents), but it differed from the parents as well as the diploid hybrid showing
luxurious growth in respect of height, branching, flower, fruit and seed characters.
Gametic complement revealed n = 26 chromosomes appearing in different
combinations of bivalents (15.6), quadrivalents (5.1), trivalents (0.04) and univalents
(0.16) per cell. Allosyndesis leading to multivalent association of chromosomes
might be responsible for reduction in pollen fertility and seed formation in the
allotetraploid. But total yield in the 4n hybrid was higher than that in the diploid.
Genetic relationship between the two species has also been indicated.
 

Keywords: Sesamum, hybrid, allotetraploidy

Info

Year: 1998
Volume: 58
Issue: 2
Article DOI: NA
Print ISSN: 0019-5200
Online ISSN: 0975-6906

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